DESCRIPTION: This compulsory module examines the scientific foundations of human movement. In this module, students explore how the body moves and why it moves in particular ways. Students focus on the relationships between anatomy, physiology, fitness, biomechanics and efficient human movement. How do the musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory systems of the body influence and respond to movement?
- skeletal system

- major bones involved in movement
- structure and function of synovial joints
- joint actions, eg extension and flexion
- muscular system
- major muscles involved in movement
- muscle relationship (agonist, antagonist)
- types of muscle contraction (concentric, eccentric, isometric)
- respiratory system
- structure and function
- lung function (inspiration, expiration)
- exchange of gases (internal, external)
- circulatory system
- components of blood
- structure and function of the heart, arteries, veins, capillaries
- pulmonary and systemic circulation
- blood pressure

Overviews of the body's systems

What is the relationship between physical fitness, training and movement efficiency?
- health related components of physical fitness
- cardiorespiratory endurance
- muscular strengthCpl-running2.jpg
- flexibility
- body composition
- skill related components of physical fitness
- power
- speed
- agility
- coordination
- balance
- reaction time
- aerobic and anaerobic training
- FITT principle
- physiological adaptations in response to training
- heart rate
- ventilation rate
- stroke volume
- cardiac output
- lactate levels

How do biomechanical principles influence movement?
- motion
- the application of linear motion, velocity, speed, acceleration, momentum in movement
and performance contexts
- balance and stabilitybalance.jpg
- centre of gravity
- line of gravity
- base of support
- fluid mechanics
- flotation, centre of buoyancy
- fluid resistance
- force
- how the body applies force
- how the body absorbs force
- applying force to an object



1. List the three types of muscle tissue.
2. Define the term: Agonist
3. Define the term: Antagonist
4. Calculate the velocity of a person who travels 100m in 10seconds
5. Calculate the velocity of a person who travels 150km in 3hours
6. List and describe the components of the FITT principle.
7. Define Acceleration

8. Use the components of training and the FITT principles to design a suitable fitness plan for a healthy 21 year old.
9. Identify the scientific name for the following bones: skull, collar bone and funny bone.
10. Identify the areas of the spine.
11. Provide the scientific name for the following muscles: biceps, triceps, quads, calf and shoulder.